In this article you will find:
  • What is the nose?
  • What happens when you get sick your nose?
  • Rhinitis
  • Allergic rhinitis in children
  • Allergy season and throughout the year
  • How to avoid this problem?
  • What to do with the pollen?
  • What to do with the humidity?
  • What to do with the dust?
  • What to do with the animals?
Currently it is estimated that 20% of the national population suffers from allergic rhinitis and a 10% they are under age, but what to do with allergic rhinitis in children?.

What is the nose?

The complex organ that is the nose meets with varied functions: it allows the passage of air, filters particles up to 30 microns, tempera and humidifies the air that is going to get to the lungs, allows the sense of smell and chemo sensation caused by toxic substances, modifies the voice by resonance effect and also is the source of reflexes that affect the whole organism.

What happens when you get sick your nose?

Can cause symptoms beyond their territory. There is alterations in the eyes (tearing), the mouth and teeth (bad breath, pain), throat (dry, sore), the cavities perinasales (congestion, pain), ears(autofonía, feeling ear plugged), the larynx (dysphonia), and bronchial (cough). But the most common symptom is nasal obstruction.


Rhinitis is an inflammation of the tissue lining the nasal mucosa. It is estimated that with 20% of the national population. Of these, 50% are allergic. About 10% of the child population and 20% of adolescents have some form of allergic rhinitis. You can also accompany asthma, the percentage 75%.
In the case of the seasonal allergy is observed in a range between 5 and 9% of the child population, being uncommon in those under the age of 5 years. On the other hand, the rhinitis perennial is rare, about 3% of the children suffers. Although their frequency increases when it is associated with asthma.

Allergic rhinitis in children

It is the inflammation of the nasal mucosa that presents the following symptoms:
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Rhinorrhea or runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Congestion of conjunctiva, red eyes or watery eyes
  • Pruritus, or itching of the nose, ears and throat.
Although allergic rhinitis in children is not classified as a disease, contributes to the development of several respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic sinusitis, otitis media with effusion and nasal polyps.

Allergy season and throughout the year

If the allergy affects during the spring when the trees begin to bloom, it is hay fever or seasonal allergic rhinitis.
But if it remains throughout the year, it is perennial allergic rhinitis. In no case should suffer in silence, because there are medicines that have no side effects and can keep the rhinitis under control.
Depending on the results of the evaluation of the symptoms and the physical exam, the doctor will propose a treatment plan, which may include medication, ways to avoid the most common allergens and some tests.

How to avoid this problem?

The constant exposure to the allergenic substances implies that the symptoms are repeated. So it is essential to control it and avoid allergens. While further away from the nose, the better you will feel.

What to do with the pollen?

In any place where there are trees, grass or weeds springing up, there will be pollen in the air. However, it is possible to avoid the time when there are increased levels in the air, as in the morning, when it is hot or there is dry weather. You can take a vacation where there will be less pollen, and in periods of low allergy. Also shower and wash hair in the evening, close bedroom windows to avoid the entry of pollen and the windows of the car.

What to do with the humidity?

Watch the places where you will board a water. For example: the wet areas of the garden, the rotten leaves, the heaps of compost. You should also clean the shower with chlorine and check that the curtain of the bathroom does not have mushrooms. There are that repair the dripping faucet and leaky, and not to have plants inside the house.

What to do with the dust?

It is impossible to eliminate completely, but yes you can control it. Wrap your mattress and pillows with plastic or vinyl completely closed, so that the mites do not penetrate. Asea regularly your room and removes the stuffed animals and all the goodies, as well as books that accumulate dust in the room. Try not to have furniture with cracks or carvings. Limits carpets. Clean with a damp cloth in order not to raise dust and vacuum daily. Take the medications before shaking or vacuuming and use a mask when cleaning.

What to do with the animals?

If you have a pet and can't leave it, at least keep it clean (a weekly bath). Rinse it with distilled water produces a greater effect still. Keep the animal outside and don't let go never to your room. Wash your hands after touching and do not let you lengüeteen.
It is important to control allergens in the place where you spend the most time: your home. Don't forget your car, your office, and try to avoid the smoke and the perfumes are irritating to your nose.

Content developed by pediatrician Peter Barreda.

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