In this article you will find:
  • Main manifestations of pre-Eclampsia genetic
  • How do you detect Preeclampsia genetics?
Swelling in the hands and face when getting up, weight gain, headache, high blood pressure and vision changes are some of the symptoms that present women with pre-Eclampsia genetics.

Expert: Juan Valdivia, gyn Clinic German

The great majority of expectant mothers would like to spend their nine months of pregnancy without mishap. However, about 5% will suffer a condition called preeclampsia, which can result in the disruption of this process.
The gynecologist of Clinic German, dr. Juan Valdivia, explains that this disease “is a rise in blood pressure associated with proteinuria, that is to say, to the loss of protein through the urine. It usually occurs in the second half of the pregnancy, from 28 weeks of gestation onwards”.
Women with a higher risk of having this alteration are new mothers, teen mothers, or of advanced age (over 35 years), those that have bad nutrition, in addition to those with twin pregnancies and patients with hypertension chronic.

The hypertension in pregnancy is one of the main reasons of morbidity and mortality of the fetus. This disorder is called preeclampsia and affects about 5% of the total pregnancies.
It is considered that it is causing between 35 and 300 cases of death neonatal tetanus for every 1000 births, depending on the hospital resources. This corresponds to the double of the rate that is being observed in pregnancies without complications of hypertension.

When preeclampsia gets severe, experiencing symptoms and complications such as neurological conditions manifested in headache, and confusion; visual disturbances, due to the increase of the pressure in the eye, even with retinal detachment; abdominal pain; liver function irregular, with the appearance of hyperbilirubinemia.; proteinuria, oliguria; pulmonary edema; microangiopathic hemolytic anemia; thrombocytopenia; and delay in fetal growth.
If it is not treated at the right time, preeclampsia may be difficult with the HELLP syndrome and the emergence of eclampsia.

Main manifestations of pre-Eclampsia genetic

The main symptoms are headache permanently, a severe noise in the ears, changes in vision (photopsia), edema and weight gain, among others. The specialist, however, stresses that these manifestations are accentuated depending on whether the pre-eclampsia is moderate or severe.
“When it is moderate it mainly produces high pressure. However, if it is severe, the mother may suffer bleeding in the brain and eye; Hellp syndrome -disruption of the liver -; - clotting problems, and renal failure,” he says. In addition, it can progress to eclampsia if convulsions occur.
This pathology also affects the fetus, producing a delay in the intrauterine growth. Also, you can produce a premature birth, due to the cessation of the pregnancy.

How do you detect Preeclampsia genetics?

The doctor Valdivia explains that this pathology is diagnosed in women in the medical control have high levels of pressure. “They also have a amount of protein in the urine greater than normal, that is 300 milligrams per liter and, in addition, there is edema. With these three items you can already make the diagnosis”.
When preeclampsia is severe, independent of the gestational age, the only treatment possible is the termination of pregnancy. However, when it is moderate, you should try that the fetus reach the highest maturity possible within the uterus and make labor and delivery when the baby may have a good chance of surviving.
To do this you try to lower the pressure of the mother with antihypertensives (antihypertensive drugs), and you are advised to rest and perform medical checks with serial transvaginal ultrasounds.

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