In this article you will find:
- What are the causes of reflux?
- What should I call a doctor?
- How is it diagnosed and what is the treatment for reflux?
It is completely normal that every time your baby has finished feeding pot a little milk by mouth and it can also happen that, once in a while, throw up all the milk that he took without notice or without an apparent reason. There are even some babies that spit up or throw away a little of the milk well often when drink milk and don't show symptoms of any disease.
What we have explained recently, we call it reflux, and almost all of the babies passed them with the time and the year is almost passed.
There are other babies that suffer from gastroesophageal reflux and could vomit and spit milk a lot more often to the point of view committed to its growth or develop problems breathing or pain in the throat. Within the symptoms that are seen in the infant is coughing, retching that occur between meals and may even be concurrent with the vomiting, signs that you tummy hurts, like when he arches his back, goes up the legs or wakes up screaming.
What are the causes of reflux?The reflux is caused by a weakness or malfunction of the esophageal sphincter. That is to say that the valve that connects the esophagus with the stomach is not working well yet, or is very weak. It is for this reason that the food and gastric juices are “returned” from the stomach outward. This problem in adults is known as “heartburn”.
What should I call a doctor?If you see that your little baby butt and spits out plenty of milk, but not once annoyed or sick and is having an increase of weight according to your age, the more likely it is that it is not necessary to resort to a specialist. However, if you are concerned about this situation, it is always advisable to consult with the pediatrician of your child in their next control.
But if your child develops more serious symptoms or if you think that the reflux is affecting his growth and his weight gain, he resorts to the pediatrician as soon as possible. The doctor will know to tell if what is happening to your son is reflux and how to fix the problem.
We recommend that in the same way rush to the pediatrician of your child if after eating he vomits violently and the jet of milk shoots out like a hose. You must be alert because this could be an indicator that your baby has pyloric stenosis, which is a problem that can lead to dehydration and even malnutrition.
How is it diagnosed and what is the treatment for reflux?First of all the doctor will examine your baby and will pay attention to your description of the symptoms. In the meantime I suggest some techniques for reducing the reflux in the house, which can be:
- When the baby is fed seeks to be more in a vertical position.
- Feed your baby smaller amounts and thus, you should do it more often.
- You can add to breast milk or formula cereal, so that it has a consistency more dense.
- Get the “chanchitos” or the air to your baby with more frequency.
If these suggestions do not give the result the more likely it is that the pediatrician will prescribe medicine for a few months. There are babies who respond quickly to antacids, but you should never give it without consulting with the pediatrician.
If after this treatment have not been satisfactory results, surely the doctor should do more tests or medical derivarte to a gastroenterologist to be certain that the problem of your son is really reflux.
Within the tests that are performed to diagnose the reflux disease and to see the likely damage of the reflux are the RX of the area involved, which is also known with the name of tract endoscopy Gl top. To perform this test is supplied to the baby a substance such as a paste, which is called Barium and x-ray is observed if you have some physiological problem that makes it difficult to swallow.
Another test that is done is the endoscopy of the digestive tract, which can be supplemented with biopsies of affected tissues. To perform this test, the baby must be hospitalized and sedated. He introduces a small tube with a video camera to identify if there is any inflammation or damage in the witnesses of the esophagus, stomach, and in some cases reaches the intestines.
The doctor also has as a diagnostic tool in a study of 24 hours with a pH probe. In this case we introduce the baby to a tube that reaches up to the base of the esophagus and monitored for 24 hours. In this procedure analyzes the frequency and severity of episodes of reflux, along with study your breathing and heart rate. Hospitalization is required.
If the episodes of vomiting continue with the same frequency, the pediatrician will take a strict control of the weight of the baby since many, because of the reflux, failed to properly nourish and have difficulty gaining weight. Other babies product of the gastric juices damage the throat, lose their appetite and have difficulty swallowing.
In addition , there is the possibility that a part of the milk that rises into the nose and even in your baby's lungs, which could cause respiratory complications such as pneumonia, cough in the night, sinus, and ear infections. Even the stomach acid could damage the enamel of the teeth.