The aim of this article is to create awareness about the importance of early detection of breast cancer.
Expert: Alonso Uribe, gynecologist Vidaintegra
It is estimated that 1 of every 14 women will develop this disease throughout their life and that this disease has a mortality rate of 15 per 100,000 people belonging to the female population.
The main problem of this disease is that the patients, in their majority, they consult for symptoms that are presented in an advanced stage of cancer. This makes it necessary to raise awareness among women about the risk factors of this pathology and the tests that must be performed to detect any anomaly, the most important being the mammogram.
The dr. Alonso Uribe, gynecologist Vidaintegra explains that “the important thing is to perform a self breast regularly, as it is one of the most useful ways to have an early diagnosis. At the age of 35 is convenient to perform the first mammogram, at age 40, one per year. In that case the woman has a family member with breast cancer, the first test should be performed 10 years before the onset of the disease in the close circle”.
Currently not clear what is the origin of this disease, but it is known that age is a risk factor. The majority of breast cancers occur in women 50 years and who are over 60, have an even greater chance of occurrence. However, 85% of patients who develop this condition do not have family references of this type of cancer.
“Other factors that may increase the risk of developing this disease are: heredity, early puberty, late childbearing, obesity, excessive alcohol consumption and smoking. Therefore, while there is no way to prevent the development of this ailment, a healthy lifestyle can help decrease the likelihood of developing this disease”, says the specialist of Vidaintegra.
Breast cancer is the abnormal growth and disorganized cells of the breast tissue. There are many different types of cancer, being the ductal carcinoma the most common. This disease is classified in stages (0 to IV) and to determine the phase of the pathology, the specialist considers three important factors: tumor size, nodal status, and metastasis.
The gynecologist of Vidaintegra, Dr. Alonso Uribe, says it is important for women to know what are the options that medicine offers to fight breast cancer. Some treatments for this condition are:
- Surgery: it Is almost always the first action to take. It involves removing the cancerous tissue and the surrounding area of the tumor, and to study the lymph nodes near the armpit.
- Chemotherapy: it Consists of using drugs to treat systemically the cancer. The drugs used are toxic to cancer cells, which allows you to destroy them or prevent them from reproducing.
- Radiation therapy: Incorporates the use of high energy X-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.
- Hormone therapy: Is used for specific types of cancer that depend on estrogen or progesterone.
- Therapy with monoclonal antibodies: In some cancers, tumor cells generate substances (HER2 protein) that allows them to divide continuously. There are medications that can, in some cases, counteract the action of this protein.
When to consult
“It is important that women pay attention to your body in terms of feel physical discomfort as a throbbing pain in any part of the breast, that persists after the menstrual period; notice changes in the coloration or appearance (dimpling or sinking of the skin of the breast; feel for lumps that were not before the self-examination and when there is secretion of fluid by the nipple,” advises the gynecologist, Dr. Alonso Uribe.