The year are more than a thousand cases, of which killed 700 people. There are currently on the market two vaccines that prevent the spread of the Human Papilloma virus.
Expert: Danielle Barron, a gynecologist from Clinic City of the Sea
Currently in the world there are more than 440 million people have been infected with the human papillomavirus, an infection that can be avoided with a vaccine or with the use of condoms. To know how it is transmitted and with which test we can detect it, Dr. Daniela Badilla, a gynecologist from Clinic City of the Sea helps us to know more of this virus.
“The HPV (Human Papilloma Virus), is a family of viruses that includes more than 100 strains, of these, around 30 have affinity for the area anogenital and depending on the strain, the infection that it can cause. This virus is transmitted by skin contact and by sexual relations of all kinds, vaginal, anal, and oral,” says the specialist.
The transmission of this virus can be prevented in large part with the use of condoms and immunizations . There are 2 vaccines on the market, these are indicated from the 9 or 10 years, “the ideal is to be placed before the start of sexual activity, because it is when they have higher effectiveness, but can be placed as if they have already initiated sexual activity”.
Despite the fact that the incidence of the disease in Chile is high (corresponding to 30 and 40% for each 100 thousand women), yet HPV vaccines are optional; in other countries of Latin America and the world, are placed at the age of 13 to all the girls as part of the vaccination program, and in some countries children are also vaccinated.
HPV is not synonymous with cancer
In the great majority of cases, HPV goes away by itself with the passage of the years and only 3% of the population maintains the infection, this is because the defense ability of the uterus prevents the virus is gone, however, and depending on the strain, this virus can cause cancer.
“It all depends on the strain, some high-risk (16 and 18) are the most frequently cause cancer of the cervix, cancer of the vulva, vagina, anus and penis in men. The low-risk strains (6 and 11) are those which cause, mainly, the condylomata or genital warts”, says the gynecologist.
What tests detect the virus?
The specialist Clinical City of the Sea he explains: “The Pap test can detect the virus and more importantly, it detects if there is damage cellular product of the viral infection that can come with the passage of time to transform into a cancer, also, there are tests that can detect the viral presence and type of HPV that is involved, being able to see if it is high risk or not, but these tests are not performed routine and generally, requested when there is an alteration in the ‘PAP’, to know what all of the virus is involved.”
The recommendation is to take these examinations after the first year of initiated sexual activity at ages 21 years and the 2 or 3 years in the minors of that age, to know if in case you have the virus, how long it remains in our body.