higiene bucal en niños

The problems of oral hygiene in children are caused by poor oral hygiene, without this being the only predominant factor.

Expert: Sergio Gonzalez, a dentist and professor of general pathology and oral of the Dentistry Faculty of the Universidad mayor

A correct oral hygiene in children should be after each meal, which includes an efficient use of the toothbrush, toothpaste, and enjuagatorios if necessary, would allow children and adults to enjoy a proper oral health and therefore better quality of life. But in reality this does not occur in the entire population.

In our country the main problems of dental health are tooth decay and periodontal diseases, like gingivitis and periodontitis, are caused by the presence of plaque and bacteria. There are other pathologies associated with the oral health of minor occurrence that also affect the well-being of patients of all ages, but of lower incidence.

To avoid these problems in adulthood, the dentist the Universidad mayor, Sergio Gonzalez, is emphatic in pointing out the hygienic habits and self-care should be instilled by parents to children from an early age. It is for this reason that recommends a work both to the family level as well as in gardens and schools, which provides for the teaching of techniques of oral hygiene, a balanced diet consider fruit and milk for snack and, most importantly, a change in the culture of self-care that includes routine cleaning and periodic visits to the specialist.

About this last point, dr. Gonzalez noted the importance of working together with parents and adults who are in the care of the children, who would play an important role in the formation of habits and the orient in the correct use of toothbrushes, toothpaste special to them. In children, the teeth cleaning should be inculcated from the onset of these, with the support of adults, because the young lack the motor skills necessary for proper brushing.

Recommendations for good oral hygiene in children

  • Make a professional control your dentist minimum once a year.
  • Brush your teeth after every meal. Use toothpastes that contain fluoride and dental floss.
  • For snack of children, prefer fruits and dairy.
  • Do not eat sugary foods between meals.
  • Andavoid eating foods that are acidic or sucking a lemon.
  • Do not smoke, as smoking contributes to the onset of cancer of the mouth and aggravates the disease periodontal (gum) disease.
  • Avoid excess alcoholic beverages, as they contribute to oral cancer.
  • Avoid bad habits, such as, for example: cut wire with your teeth or biting pencils.
  • If ingested medications that contribute to dry mouth, tell your dentist treating.
  • Patients with conditions such as Diabetes should monitor their oral health, since this disease increases the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease.

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