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A week ago, the Government of Chile enacted a law that streamlines the post-natal parental and the exercise of the right to nursery for civil servants and public sector officials. Specialist of the University of the Pacific discusses some of the important achievements that will be achieved with this rule, especially in the field of early childhood.

From now on, the civil servants that are with permission postnatal will receive the total of their salaries and extend the right to Living room also the father, when both parents work in the public administration. A new standard that has been applauded in different areas.
“The recent act shows the real interest of the Government by the early childhood,” says the social worker and psychologist, Susana Arancibia Olguín, professor of the School of Social Work from the University of the Pacific. Do this, because for the specialist in mental health issues, infancy, childhood, adolescence and family, stimulation in early childhood is key to a better and greater future development of the children.

“The first childhood, understood as the period from which it is born and until the age of 6 approximately, constitutes the decisive stage in the achievement of an adequate development of the whole child. What happens in the first years of life has an impact positively or negatively in subsequent stages, both physically, cognitively, and emotionally. In fact, attachment behaviors, attention, and affective, have their origin in this time. Also, between 0 and 3 years old, the child's brain builds the connections that will define skills and potentialities to develop in their adult life. If the stimulation during this period is scarce or inadequate, children will require in the future greater support and energy to obtain similar goals to reach the children well stimulated,” says Arancibia.
The expert adds that “in the present and through all the studies collected by Unicef and Unesco, are in evidence the benefits for the boys and girls have experienced education pre-school, because it increases the chances of success at school, achieving also a better social and emotional development”.

Susana Arancibia argues that this new law also provides for the facilitation of the loving encounter between mother and son. “An important group of women tends to experience the end of the post-natal as a crucial period that means putting in the balance the possibility of return to work or stay at home on this new role of mother. Sometimes this stage is lived with great guilt and fear about leaving their children. In this sense, the law of rest post natal allows the repayment is gradual (half-day) of the mother to work, securing a part to the hours of feeding, so important to strengthen the bond with your child, and on the other the access to the room baby cot free of charge,” he says.

For the specialist of the University of the Pacific, the initiative is part of the need to complement work and motherhood. “More and more women realize that the female employment and family life from this new role of mother can co-exist, to the extent that all actors are made part in the collective consciousness of care that requires a new life, and, on the other hand, the current need which means for the whole country female labor force,” he says.

On the last point, the teaching of the School of Social Work U. of the Pacific points out that the increasing participation in paid work of women constitutes one of the major changes of the TWENTIETH century. “Between 1990 and 2008, the economic participation increased from 32 to 54 per cent in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNDP, 2009). However, Chile still has a low participation, with a 48.3 per cent of women aged 15 years and older (INE, 2014), being the sixth country with the lowest labor force participation”, he says.

This context at the global level forces us, then, to understand that motherhood and the world of work must no longer be experienced as a scenario that is unique to women. “On the contrary, today more than ever requires the presence of men. From the law, the validation of the use of facilities by the part of the male workers reveals such a need. Parents, who learn by experiencing new roles, not only in the care and loving protection to their kids, but also facing new challenges as a couple in the articulation of a family life distinct, that involves multiple challenges and who invites us to the adventure to grow and develop through our family clans,” poses Susana Arancibia.

The expert of the University of the Pacific concludes by urging to make a qualitative leap forward as a country in the matter. “This from the aspect of legislative, organizational, and cultural, understanding that the care of children concerns all and every one of us, that our future will be better in the measure that we are able to provide efficiently the integral protection of children and girls in all its stages of development, highlighting the early childhood” ends.

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