The Flu is a contagious disease caused by the Influenza virus, which is transmitted from a sick person when coughing, sneezing, or nasal secretions. There are other respiratory illnesses that may have the same symptoms and are often confused with the Flu.
The Flu can lead to severe complications, such as Pneumonia by various agents and can worsen existing health problems. Can cause shortness of breath, diarrhea and seizures in children. Thousands of people die each year in the world due to Influenza and many require hospitalization. To prevent the above-mentioned conditions, it is necessary the annual vaccination against these viruses.
This vaccination campaign is free of charge and aims to vaccinate groups that may present complications in the case of acquiring the disease, as the influenza virus (with its various strains) is responsible for severe infections, particularly respiratory, which can cause complications serious and even death.
What vaccine will be used?
Each year the World Health Organization is studying the viruses that circulate in each hemisphere and projected, in function of what happened in the winter of the northern hemisphere, the types of viruses that will be most important in the southern hemisphere. On the basis of this study, WHO delivered to the manufacturers recommendations for the development of vaccines for use in immunization campaigns.
For the campaign, 2016, the Department of Vaccines and Immunization of the Ministry purchased, through a public tender, the vaccine “Influvac” to adult in the laboratory Abbott and the vaccine “Vaxigrip” pediatric that comply with the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) on strains for the southern hemisphere.
Who should get the vaccine?
Within the target population to be vaccinated this year are:
- Pregnant women from the 13th week of gestation.
- Boys and girls between the ages of 6 months and 5 years 11 months 29 days
- People of 65 years and more
- Workers of poultry and pork farms.
- Health workers
- Chronic patients between 2 and 64 years of age, carriers of any of the following risk conditions:
– Chronic lung diseases, specifically: bronchial asthma; COPD; cystic fibrosis; pulmonary fibrosis of any cause.
– Heart disease, specifically: congenital; rheumatic; disease, and cardiomyopathies of any cause.
– Neuromuscular diseases, congenital or acquired, which determine swallowing disorders or the handling of respiratory secretions.
– Morbid Obesity.
– Kidney failure in stage 4 or higher.
– Renal failure on dialysis.
– Chronic liver failure.
– Autoimmune diseases such as Lupus; scleroderma; Rheumatoid Arthritis, Crohn's disease, etc
– Cancer treatment with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy or palliative measures of any kind.
– Infection by HIV.
– Congenital immunodeficiencies or acquired.