• The so-called Attention Deficit Disorder is probably the diagnosis most common in children with learning problems in the last few years. Specialist of the University of the Pacific, delivering some keys to detect it.

Not all restless children suffer from attention deficit disorder, however, his diagnosis has been crowded in the last time. “It is estimated that between 4 and 12% of the children presenting the Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD),” says the psychologist Susana Arancibia, professor of the School of Social Work from the University of the Pacific.

The specialist, Master in Neuroscience and Mental Health, argues that Attention Deficit Disorder can manifest itself in three ways

The first is with a predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type, associated with children who move in excess: “These kids show up eager and anxious. Their responses tend to be hasty and ill-considered, disruptive discussions and games, and engage in hasty action without evaluating its consequences, reaching in occasions to be aggressive within the classroom, which generates unpopularity among their peers, many faults, and repeated citations from the parents to the school,” he explains.

A second form presents with predominance of attention deficit: “In this case, the children seem inattentive, as if not to listen to. Show liabilities, and evidence of disorganization. Are the most difficult to detect, due to their lack of movement and disruption. This behavior tends to conceive of prejudice to academic level, putting in doubt his capabilities primarily cognitive,” says Arancibia, who notes that children who have this problem have levels of cognitive development are similar to the average of their peers.

And finally, there are the combination-type: “integrate the features of the previous two and it is not uncommon to find in this group of children with challenging behaviour and oposicionistas, along with the response descalificadora of the adult world,” he says.

Keys to diagnose it

Psychologist and professor of the School of Social Work from the University of the Pacific, Susana Arancibia, lists the fundamental features that have children that suffer from Attention Deficit Disorder:

  1. Short attention span and difficulty to keep it on bases consistent.
  2. Susceptibility to be distracted against external stimuli.
  3. Outward impression of not listening well.
  4. Repeated failures to follow instructions or complete school assignments.
  5. Low capacity of organization: forgetfulness, lack of attention to details, and losing things necessary to perform the task.
  6. Hyperactivity.
  7. Impulsivity.
  8. Behaviors disruptive or aggressive.
  9. Tendency to perform acts that are potentially harmful. It does not measure the risk.
  10. Difficulty accepting responsibility for their actions.
  11. Low self-esteem.
  12. Difficulty in social skills.

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