According to data provided by the World Health Organization, only 36% of infants 0 to 6 months are fed exclusively with breastfeeding. An insufficient number, because this type of food has a direct impact not only in reducing malnutrition and premature deaths, but in the iq, future well-being and development of the affections of the child.
As a way to promote breastfeeding is that the first week of August of every year is celebrated the World Week of Breastfeeding, this is because according to the World Health Organization (WHO) optimal breastfeeding would save the lives of more than 800 thousand children under 5 years old every year, among other benefits.
And is that breastfeeding plays a key role for the integral development of children. “Recognize the importance of breastfeeding for those who were nursing infants is not instant, it probably is accompanied by some loss of consciousness product of which is an event difficult to remember, but yet we know that it has left an indelible mark that is essentially more in a level unconscious to conscious in each one of us,” explains psychologist and professor of the School of Social Work from the University of the Pacific, Miguel Gatica Chandía.
The expert states that this recognition of breastfeeding involves not only recognizing that we delivered the ideal food for our development, but it is also a task not exclusive to mothers, because it also involves parents. “It is a task that means that in this experience of parental roles dynamic, whether they are male or female, the father must generate all the conditions necessary for the mother to perform the act of breastfeeding in a comfortable environment and with the least stress possible, that is to say, in a protected environment, in order to install a lactation, among the most recent, is best for the integral development of the boy or girl”, states Gatica.
The psychologist adds that “this poses a challenge to socio-cultural, specifically in regard to the education and promotion of behaviors maternal appropriate, installing, for example, not to abuse and ideally not to consume alcohol and tobacco during infancy, affect the quality of breast milk”.
At this point, Miguel Gatica makes a call for all as a society to assume the duty of promoting the importance of breastfeeding. “It is important to fight against those social characteristics that each time we have gone dehumanizing more and more, accentuating our individuality and leaving a little time to invest in our emotional relationships and human, and that negatively affect the process of breastfeeding, such as, for example: the prevalence of economic interests, rather than emotional, which translates into more time for work than to the family; the highest pursuit of professional success, which results in more investment in studies in family; and more stress, which results in a low level of mental health, social and personal. The above is extremely complex, if we consider the short time available for parenting and make family we have,” warns the professor of the University of the Pacific.
That is why the specialist points out that the importance of breastfeeding should relieve yourself in educational contexts-affective, since it is of vital importance in the development of attachment and future emotional ties. “Let us remember that breastfeeding also means a reduction in the trauma of birth, in addition to installing attachment styles do not evitativos and decrease the possibility of delays in the development. This, in addition to promoting neuronal development, psychomotor and intellectual capacity,” he said.
Therefore, taking advantage of the Global Week of Breastfeeding, the expert stresses the need to understand their importance, in order to plan and generate educational activities that promote this conduct, primarily during the first six months of life. “This must be from a paradigm of psychosocial. This is that we should aim to develop management strategies on reduction of maternal anxiety, diagnose, and treat post-partum depression and promote a positive attitude to breastfeeding, which is related to the ‘self-efficacy’ breast,” concludes psychologist and professor of the School of Social Work from the University of the Pacific, Miguel Gatica.