Specialist explains what are the consequences of the that a child to study in a college or mixed in one of a single gender.

Following the letter sent Marina Ascencio, a girl of 11 years, President Michelle Bachelet and other authorities asking to enter the National Institute, it has unleashed a debate around the desirability of that there are schools differentiated by sex versus those that are. What school system would be the most appropriate?

“The scientific research with studies that are initiated in the decade of the ’90s, mainly in Europe, show you the realities relevant to know and to show the tendency of some countries to enhance differentiated instruction. Are various reports that give account of the benefits generated by a differentiated education between girls and boys, alluding mainly to aspects of a neurological,” says Susana Arancibia, professor of Social Work from the University of the Pacific.

“It has been reported that girls and children from the same mental problem activate different brain areas, resolving both of successful way. This has led to the erection that the brain would have a sexual connotation and, therefore, when you try to work with the children together is likely to be lost or ease the possibilities to enhance specific areas in both cases. Also women are at a pace of ripening early, a process that if well stimulated power its development. In addition, men and women tend to build in specific moments of the development of mental skills different”, explains the psychologist.

Many european countries have opted for schools differentiated by gender. In the meantime, in Chile, only 3.8% of the colleges are for men only or for women only.

“While investigations are highly relevant in the area, for our national reality, it is quite feasible that the teaching-learning strategies do not vary much from one classroom to another. This leaves in evidence a edge of the complex situation, in terms of understanding if the adults, educators, and professionals in general, we are trained to make such distinctions harnessing the maximum potential of the children”, says the expert of the U. of the Pacific.

The benefits of the schools are mixed

One of the important points of the discussion is that it tends to believe that the boys and girls who attend a co-educational school manage relationships with the opposite sex in a better way, as they learn to socialize from an early age.

At a social level, the college today has become a space micro social that allows you to see the complexity of the interactions and, at the same time, it becomes a social laboratory where children learn certain behaviors. This point becomes relevant to the extent that the early interaction between children of different sex promotes natural and proper integration between them,” says faculty of Social Work from the University of the Pacific, Susana Arancibia.

According to the specialist, the children who study in a co-educational school would have more empathy and would accept in a better way the different ways of understanding the world, because they live with it in the classroom.

“No one denies the natural differences that exist in the behaviors of each, however, this way of living the experience on a daily basis helps generations to understand the different points of view, ways of understanding the world from a configuration that exceeds the own person, to understand that there are different perspectives and that being different does not mean they are wrong. In this sense, the schools mixed promote more tolerance, acceptance among people who are likely in the adult world must live with, whether at work, public spaces or even their own families,” explains Arancibia.

From a social perspective, it seems that there is a gain of more immediate around the learning of soft skills on the part of the students, valuing what is different, accepting thoughts and innovative proposals from any of them. At the same time begin to operate the mechanisms of social control characteristic of each group. Girls and boys behave differently when they are alone versus when they share the same spaces, conduct that is replicated in the adult world and social work”, complements the faculty of the U. of the Pacific.

Another of the benefits of the schools are mixed would be that those who attend a school with peers of both genders are able to have a greater information of the sexual realm in a natural way.

“While the initiation stage of adolescence could be transformed into a complexity, at the same time allowing the balance necessary for the good to live together. In a natural way and from another perspective, children who are educated together tend to have sexual information more accurate with respect to the other sex, primarily by the questions that are outlines of each other. In the same line, to grow together, see each of the changes, both physical and psychological personal and his companions as something inherent in human nature, becoming, without a doubt, a gain social” says Arancibia, professor, Master's degree in Family, Infancy and Adolescence of the University of the Pacific.

In conclusion, according to the expert the balance in Chile should lean towards the schools mixed, but anticipates that the discussion is just beginning.

“In a time where the theories of gender have featured strongly in guiding the social discourse, it seems relevant to promote the presence of both genders, and not one's will on others, a situation that is not promoted with the distinction of the schools. However, it is evident that the discussion around the advantages or disadvantages of the schools are mixed it is a reality that has just begun, and we urgently need scientific studies that support one or the other possibility based on our culture, on our customs and reality”, concludes Susana Arancibia, professor of Social Work from the University of the Pacific.

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