In World we have a clear problem of overweight and obesity, which is already affecting from a few years ago to our children, who in many cases have a similar diet to that of the parents, and in the worst cases, a diet that is even less healthy, with an excessive consumption of processed foods loaded with sugars and saturated fats and a marked lack of fresh products such as vegetables, fruits, and vegetables, and others such as legumes and vegetables, that are essential part of our diet, along with carbohydrates less refined.
But it is not the only problem, because for a while there are so-called disorders of eating behavior (TCA), the most well-known anorexia and bulimia, which affects mostly teenage girls, but increasingly girls who have not reached puberty.
It is precisely for this reason it is starting to recommend that parents be careful with your customs and habits, both at the time of eating as at the time of weigh-in, because the more you obsession with the weight the greater the risk that you are obsessed with your daughter.
What is the incidence of Eating Disorders?
According to data of the Ministry of Health the prevalence of eating disorders is the following:
Based on studies of two phases carried out in Spain in the population most at risk, women in the age group of 12 to 21 years, obtained a prevalence of 0.14% to 0.9% for AN (Anorexia Nervosa), 0.41% to 2.9% for BN (Bulimia Nervosa) and 2,76% to 5.3% in the case of the TCANE (eating Disorders Non Specified). In total, we are talking of figures of prevalence of TCA from 4.1% to 6,41%. In the case of male adolescents, although there are fewer studies, we obtain a prevalence of 0% for AN, 0% to 0.36 per cent for the BN and of 0.18% to 0.77% for TCANE, with a total prevalence of 0.27 to 0.90.
To speak of a prevalence of 4.1% to a 6,41% is to talk about very high figures, because we are talking about of diagnosed cases. Before diagnosis many girls of 12 to 21 years are starting to play with food and weight and still are not part of these figures, so that we could be talking about a higher incidence.
The obsession of the parents for the weight may be a predisposing factor
It is not the only factor, it is clear. Disorders of eating behavior are multi-factorial, and it is known that can come motivated by the following factors:
Biological factors: there seems to be some genetic predisposition, and certain neurobiological abnormalities that increase the risk.
Socio-cultural factors: family models overprotective or excessively rigid and authoritarian; family conflict or unstructured; a family history of affective disorders and symptoms obsessive-compulsive disorder of eating behavior (especially in mothers), parents worried constantly with the power, and often doing diets relatively severe, obesity (especially in mothers), alcoholism (parents), food habits and little regular during childhood and that the minor activities to be carried out during childhood or adolescence that are valued excessively the thinness or the weight.
Psychological factors: disorders affective deficiencies, personality disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, a disorder of impulse control, completion of diet abnormal and restrictive and concern for the body, personal history of food difficulties, excessive rigidity, self-imposed, perfectionism, social withdrawal and low self-esteem.
Stress: sexual abuse and/or physical in childhood, critical with respect to the physical, shocking events that lead to the child to come in the power, etc
As you can see, there are many events in the life of the girls that can bring them to want to be those who are not, with the idea that that way will be more happy and admired by the rest of society, and as you have read, the parents are part of those factors if our behavior ends up serving as an example.
Weigh yourself every day abusing the use of the scale leads us to becoming obsessed with weight to the point that many people are weighed even by day and by night (when it is ideal to weigh every week or two to not try that the changes are very rapid); in the same way, having an attitude controlling and obsessive with regard to food you can achieve the same effect on the girls: they start to give your physical more importance than you should have, that is to start obsessing with their weight and with food that begin with practices that can become dangerous, if you are going to be more.
So if you feel that you may be using the scale more times than recommended, or if the control of the calories you eat it seems that is what is most important in your day-to-day, perhaps you should look for the way that your daughter does not see you do it, and meanwhile try to the goal is to lead a healthy life by avoiding the miracle diets and eliminating the urge to get an ideal weight as soon as possible.