Premature baby: when a baby is born prematurely, their body is not fully developed, so that care needs specific help to overcome the various difficulties that might arise. By having special needs should receive medical care different to those who receive full-term babies.
During the first stage of the life extrauterina usually stay in a neonatal intensive care unit, which is designed to provide babies their basic needs of warmth, nutrition and protection to assure proper growth and development.
Some of the diseases that you can suffer a premature baby:
Brain: During childbirth or in the days after this, the premature infants may suffer bleeding in the brain, which are at risk are those that weigh less than 2 kilos.
Infections: which are cause for serious diseases.
Body heat: they Tend to lose heat more easily, since they lack body fat, it can cause hypothermia.
Respiratory problems: Have problems breathing, among the most frequent causes is the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. This happens because the lungs have not yet fully developed and do not produce a substance called surfactant.
Care of premature babies
– It is important to bring your baby to your pediatrician for you to take notes on the weight gain and how it is health.
– Like all babies, premature babies receive vaccines at the same ages to have been born.
– You will need to consume vitamins, iron, milk and special formula. These require special nutritional needs because they grow more quickly and their digestive systems are immature. Most of premature babies need to be fed every eight to ten times a day.
– Premature babies tend to sleep more hours in the day.
– Crossed eyes or strabismus is common in premature infants, the majority of the cases, it goes away as you grow.Read also: a Vaccine against the rotavirus does not generate complication bowel in babies
Different pregnancy-related problems increase the risk of premature contractions or premature labor:
-Congenital anomalies of the uterus.
-History of preterm delivery, infection (urinary tract or amniotic membrane).
-Poor nutrition before or during pregnancy.
-Lack of prenatal care.
-Consumption of tobacco, cocaine, or amphetamines.