Usually, when a baby is born premature, his body not fully developed, so it needs specific care to help overcome the various difficulties that might arise. By having special needs should receive medical care different to those who receive full-term babies. During the first stage of the life extrauterina, usually stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), which is designed to provide babies their basic needs of warmth, nutrition and protection to assure proper growth and development.
Any woman can have a premature baby or premature birth, often their causes are unknown. However, some health problems you may suffer from the mother, such as diabetes, heart disease, and kidney disease can contribute to premature contractions.
Birth defects of the uterus history of preterm delivery, infection (urinary tract or amniotic membrane), poor nutrition right before or during pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, placenta previa, age of the mother (mothers who are younger than 16 or older than 35), lack of prenatal care, poor nutrition, consumption of tobacco, cocaine, or amphetamines.
Diseases that may have a premature baby
- Infections: which are cause for serious diseases.
- Respiratory problems: Have problems breathing, among the most frequent causes is the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. This happens because the lungs have not yet fully developed and do not produce a substance called surfactant.
- Brain: During childbirth or in the days after this, the premature infants may suffer bleeding in the brain, which are at risk are those that weigh less than 2 kilos.