Síndrome Premenstrual

About five or eleven days before a woman starts her menstrual cycle, have physical or emotional symptoms known as Premenstrual Syndrome, which usually disappear with the onset of menstruation or a few days later.

Expert: Dr. Enrique Oyarzún, gyneco-obstetrician at the University Clinic of the Andes.

The Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and the Dysphoria Premenstrual (SDPM) are diseases that have a major impact on the health of the female population, as they may sometimes prove to be crippling, reason for work absenteeism, and serious psychological disorders. However, those who suffer from it tend to be misunderstood by the workplace and family.

Irritability, discouragement, anxiety, physical complaints -such as abdominal stress-, pain in breasts, and headache -headache, are some of the premenstrual symptoms that can affect up to 40 or 50 percent of the female population fertile.

The Syndrome of Dysphoria, Premenstrual (SDPM) is more serious and can have a gloomy forecast if you do not have medical treatment, and affects between three and eight percent of the women fertile. Its symptoms are similar to PMS, but more exaggerated and with a predominance of alterations in mood may be depressive, interference in the work life or student and a marked deterioration in social and interpersonal relationships.

Dr. Enrique Oyarzún, explains the neuropsychiatric aspects of these pathologies: “The interference with daily life, with the capabilities, make it relevant to the neuropsychiatric aspects of these syndromes have serious consequences in cases of SPDM, how to get to the suicide or attacks on others in the most dramatic situations”.

“There are women who have a frank commitment of the energy, or the ability to concentrate, or who have severe disturbances of mood such as aggressive behavior, reaching to aggression against others. Any of these prevent a performance or normal behavior on the job”, adds dr. Oyarzún.

Also read: Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

The ob / gyn, explains that the Premenstrual Syndrome should be treated and handled by a gynecologist. But in the case of Dysphoria, Premenstrual, it is necessary to in addition, a psychiatric support. “The use of hormonal contraception is the most efficient treatment in the management of both syndromes, because it prevents the hormonal fluctuations of the cycle”, concludes the specialist.

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