parto prematuro

In this article you will find:

  • Types of preterm delivery
  • Symptoms
  • Prevention is key

Pressure in the area of the pubis, unexpected pain in the lumbar area and break the sac before 37 weeks of gestation, are clear symptoms of preterm labor. Facemama.com it will tell you everything you need to know on the topic.

Expert: Dr. Enrique Oyarzún. Gyneco-obstetrician at the University Clinic of the Andes.

The premature birth is one that occurs before 37 weeks of gestation, as specified in the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO). The causes can be various pathologies -ranging from infections to complications emotional stress - and have as a consequence the beginning of the contractions and the dilation needed to start labor. Dr. Enrique Oyarzún, gyneco-obstetrician at the University Clinic of the Andes, explains everything there is to know about the preterm labor.

Types of preterm delivery

The specialist of the Catholic University of Chile, points out that preterm birth may be of three types:

  • Idiopathic: starts spontaneously due to the onset of uterine contractions before time, caused by some type of infection, multiple pregnancies, or stress.
  • Premature rupture of membrane: As the name indicates occurs by the rupture of the membrane, whose main cause is also a type of genital infection. Among the risk factors is the low maternal weight, smoking during pregnancy and preterm delivery previous.
  • For medical option: that Is to say, when the doctor decides to apply the procedure of birth of the small, because there are complications in the mother or the baby.


It is important to detect on time if there is a risk of advancement of the delivery; the main symptoms are uterine contraction and frequent dilatation of the uterus. For this reason, you must make previously “ultrasound-transvaginal ultrasound, which plays a very important role in the detection of cervical shortening in a subgroup of pregnant women, which allows you to apply preventive measures to reduce the risk of premature delivery,” explains dr. Oyarzún.

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It is essential that you are attentive to any symptom if you show any risk of preterm delivery, for you to consult immediately with your doctor. Pay attention if you feel a pressure on the areas of the pubic, vaginal or perineal region (here also you can experience a sense of emptiness); or if at any time you feel lower back pain , and during the rest of the pregnancy not what you had; if your vaginal secretions grow or become dark, and bloody; if you break the bag before 37 weeks and/or present bleeding.

If you show any of these symptoms it is likely that your doctor ask the hospital to continue the pregnancy and try to delay labor as much as possible. It is likely to be out of the house get very nervous, but you must try to calm down thinking that it is for your good and that of the small. Surely you will administer substances tocolíticas, which inhibit uterine contractions and corticosteroids, which promote the development of the baby. You should not miss perform many tests, with it discarded the presence of other complications.

Prevention is key

Without a doubt, the premature birth risks, mainly for the baby, which arrives without having completed their development. The doctor Oyarzún explains that Chile presents a high survival rate in these cases, however, the baby “may present consequences that will accompany you for the rest of your life. In addition, it should be considered that there are different pathologies associated statistically to the fact of being born premature, such as gastroesophageal reflux, hernias, syndrome of attention deficit disorder and sudden death, among others.”

Read also: Parents and symptoms of pregnancy

Therefore, it is important that when there are minimal signs of risk of preterm delivery was to take all the necessary precautionary measures to protect the mother and her child. The first is to prevent, for that requires clinical monitoring and frequent use of steroids in the mother every time the doctor tells you to. So there will be more chances that the pregnancy reaches its end date, or anyway, maintaining a greater control. In order to be born with the best medical conditions, to ensure the proper development of the birth.

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