According to the World Health Organization, WHO, drowning is the 4th leading cause of death in the world and the first in men between the ages of 5 and 14 years.
Expert: Patricia Alvarado, medical director of zonal metropolitan ACHS
In Chile suffocation by immersion is the 1°cause of death in children older than 1 year. According to figures of international, nearly half of the victims knew how to swim. One of the more dramatic aspects of asphyxia by submersion, is that the vast majority of the victims are young, healthy people.
The statistics are alarming, as 70% of children drowning has been under the supervision of a family member at the time of the accident.
How to act when an accident occurs by immersion
- Remove the victim from the water as soon as possible.
- Keep calm and shout for help.
- Immediately, you should review the condition of the victim. If you do not breathe or have pulses you must start the first aid.
- Check the victim's mouth with your finger, to verify that the airway is clear,
- Immediately start the resuscitation maneuvers, throwing the head back so as to clear the air.
- Pushing air over the mouth for the air to reach the lungs.
- Then, begin with the cardiac massage, for which you should place the hands in the middle of the chest to the height of the areola and breast press until your chest is sinking (30 rhythmic massage alternating with 2 breaths).
- Maneuver is maintained until the ambulance arrives or until the person regains consciousness or begins to breathe on its own.