miomas uterinos

Currently women are treated by the present fibroids, or uterine muscle tumors benign of the uterus, they can realize their dreams of being mothers.

Expert: Enrique Oyarzún, gyneco-obstetrician at the University Clinic of the Andes.

For years, the traditional treatment against uterine fibroids has been hysterectomy or removal of uterus. Solution that will cripple the woman and ends with their reproductive capacity. However, embolization of the uterine artery is a successful alternative technique, less invasive and risky than the hysterectomy and that allows you to preserve the uterus of the patient.

According to studies, 70% of women of childbearing age suffer from uterine fibroids. These usually develop in the uterus without causing any discomfort. Other times, it may undermine the quality of life of the woman and generate severe pain, bleeding or heavy menstrual flow. And with that, surgery is the only solution.

Among the interventions that can combat these tumors, are found: the hysterectomy that removes the uterus - and the myomectomy –removes only the fibroid-. Both are major surgeries that involve certain risks in addition, with the first seen at the end of the reproductive stage.

Fortunately, this harsh landscape has changed thanks to a new technique that allows to preserve the uterus and that the patient can become pregnant. This surgical treatment is embolization of the artery. It is an intervention that is minimally invasive it relieves the symptoms and improves the quality of life in the long term.


In this surgery, a catheter is inserted into the uterine arteries, with an incision of less than three centimeters, which interrupts the flow of blood towards the fibroids. With this, the tumor dies because it does not receive the blood that nourishes and provides nutrients to continue growing.

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Dr. Enrique Oyarzún, acknowledge that “the coordination and team work between physicians and gynecologists vascular is the key to this alternative procedure to hysterectomy”.

The vascular surgeon is the one who performs this surgery, since the technique that is used is the same for the treatment of other vascular diseases. The entire procedure is supervised by the gynecologist, as it is the one that leads the group and takes decisions therapeutic.

Other treatments

The majority of uterine fibroids do not have symptoms, nor do they affect the quality of life of the woman. In these cases, it is not necessary to a surgical treatment, and just observe them periodically to see their progress.

Uterine fibroids need estrogen for development, so in some cases it is recommended that hormone therapy in order to suppress the effect of these, and so prevent its growth. Something similar happens with women with menopause, then, to stop producing estrogen, stops the growth of these benign tumors. The therapy can last several months and the tumors will begin to grow as soon as you stop.

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