In this article you will find:
- Vision in children with albinism
- How to care for your skin?
- Types of Albinism
It is a disorder genetically inherited (parents carry the recessive gene), caused by mutations that affect the production of melanin, the children with albinism usually have pale skin, have eye problems, they are prone to skin cancer, and sunlight causes them sensitivity.
The mutations found in different genes can cause both the low reproduction of melanin or, in other cases, the total absence of the pigment of melanic in the eyes, skin, and hair; the congenital disorder is not only present in human beings, there are also cases of albinism in animals and plants by the absence of the compound carotene.
This condition we can observe it all over the world regardless of race or culture, can occur in any ethnic group, one out of every 3,000 babies are born with albinism, even if their parents have the colour of hair and eyes normal.
Vision in children with albinism
- There are several types of albinism and hence the amount of pigment in the eyes varies according to the child or the person and the amount of melanin that you have, there arise the problems of vision caused by this disorder
- Have low vision
- Abnormal development of the retina and abnormal patterns in the connecting nerve between the eye and the brain.
- They are considered “legally blind”
- Are not correctable with glasses
How to care for your skin?
- Avoid the exposicipon solar
- Spread sunscreen or sunscreen
- Use hats, caps or some other implement that would cover the face
- Make use of dark glasses
- Wear clothes that protect your skin from the sun
Types of Albinism
- Albinism oculocutáneo (OCA) affects the eyes, hair and skin.
- Ocular albinism (OA, its initials in Spanish), is less common, affects only the eyes.
- Albinism-related tyrosinase (OCA1), is presented by a genetic defect in an enzyme called tyrosinase.
- Albinism by P gene (OCA2) is caused by a genetic defect in the P protein that is the one who helps the enzyme tyrosinase to function properly.
- The OCA3, genetic defect in the protein TYRP1 (protein related to tyrosinase).
- The OCA4 comes as a result of a defect in the protein SLC45A2, which helps the enzyme tyrosinase in its operation.
- The OCA5 to 7 were recognized in humans in 2012 and 2013. Have mutations in three genes causative additional.
- The Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (SHP) is caused by the change in a single gene. Usually presented with pictures bleeding, pulmonary diseases, and intestinal
For the albinism, there is no cure but it is possible to treat their eye conditions and prevent damage to the skin, taking into account the advice of the doctor. Parents and specialists should teach the child from very young to accept their condition, to respect and not to be weakened by some of the comments that may arise from having this disorder. The family support is of great importance.Read also: animated Film brings together characters from children's fantasy