Síndrome de reye en los niños ¿cómo detectarlo?

Suddenly your baby is vomiting and acting confusingly, begins to develop drowsiness and has just come out of a viral infection such as chickenpox or the flu; these symptoms may be a case of Reye's Syndrome.

Reye's syndrome in children is highlighted by a brain damage (encephalopathy) sudden and problems with the liver function without a known cause, generally attacks children between the ages of 2 and 16 years old, after a viral infection such as chicken pox or the flu, among the damage are the swelling of the brain, formations of fat in the liver, a rapid fall in the levels of sugar in the blood and a sudden rise in the ammonia level.

It has been linked with the use of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) for treating the infections listed above, although it is uncommon since aspirin is not currently recommended for routine use in infants, today there are other types of medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen to lower the fever and reduce the pain and inflammation.

Some researchers have concluded that it is also a virus especially associated with varicella or influenza B, causing this syndrome in some way, probably producing a toxin that is harmful to the tissue of the body. The symptoms usually begin a week after the viral infection initial, first appear nausea and vomiting, then a steady and marked decline in mental alertness, which gives account of the incipient swelling of the brain.

Common symptoms of Reye's Syndrome in children

  • Lethargy.
  • Vomiting.
  • Excitement or great irritability.
  • Delusions, or fainting.
  • Confusion.
  • Loss of consciousness or coma.
  • Mental changes.
  • Seizures.
  • Unusual position of the arms and legs: decerebrate posture, that is to say, arms outstretched and rights pointing towards the body, the legs straight and the toes pointing down.
Also read: are killed Each year 2.5 million children under five from diseases preventable with vaccines

What you can do

If your child shows any of the symptoms mentioned above, take it o IMMEDIATELY! the doctor.

What not to do

  • Do not give aspirin to small, except if your doctor has prescribed.
  • Don't try to treat the child at home.

What can do the doctor

If you suspect the presence of Reye's Syndrome, the professional will analyze the level of ammonia in the blood and do a liver biopsy to see if there are damages, it may order a lumbar puncture to detect any swelling of the brain that is caused by bacteria or viruses.

There are No specific treatments for this condition, the doctor will monitor the pressure in the brain, the arterial blood gases and the pH of the blood. The treatments can be:

  • Respiratory support (in the case of a deep coma)
  • Fluids by iv to provide electrolytes and glucose
  • Steroids to reduce inflammation in the brain

At present has not yet found the cure for Reye's syndrome in children; the doctor go to the small hospital to achieve the best care possible until the illness goes away.

What happens after

Reye's syndrome is a disease that requires a long recovery period, you must make sure that the child is calm and at rest for the time indicated by the doctor.

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