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Síndrome de hellp - embarazo - parto

The Hellp Syndrome is a disorder that presents between 5 and 10% of women with pre-eclampsia and its symptoms more prominent we find pain in the upper right area of the abdomen, nausea and constant vomiting, all of which tend to be attributed to a gastritis, cholecystitis, or hepatitis.

At specific times, occurs the rupture of the capsule of the liver with the formation of a hematoma. It is a complication of pregnancy that threatens the health and life of the mother and the fetus. Derived from preeclampsia and is present during the third trimester of pregnancy or after childbirth.

Dr. Luis Weinstein gave origin to the name of the Hellp Syndrome in the year 1982 on the basis of the characteristics of this disorder:

H: hemolysis, which is the rupture of red blood cells.

EL: elevated liver enzymes.

LP: low platelet count.

Symptoms of Hellp Syndrome:

  • Headache.
  • Nausea or indigestion after every meal.
  • Pain in the upper right side (distention of the liver).
  • Discomfort or pain when taking a deep breath.
  • Swelling.
  • Bleeding.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Exhaustion.
  • Changes or distortion of the vision.

arritmia fetal en el embarazo

Treatment for Hellp Syndrome:

Usually women who develop Hellp syndrome during pregnancy should be treated with transfusions of any type of product or derived from the blood (platelets, red blood cells, plasma). In addition, the early detection of hellp syndrome allows to apply corticosteroids to the infant's lungs to help faster, this in case you have to remove the baby before weeks and finally and depending on the medical conditions of the mother, the specialists use steroids to improve your health.

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On the other hand, we have the Eclampsia is the alteration most severe cases of gestational hypertension. Along with the symptoms of severe preeclampsia are also presented boxes of seizure or entry in a coma.

It is presumed that these manifestations are the result of an encephalopathy caused by hypertension. The presence of eclampsia occurs in about 0.2% of pregnancies and causes premature termination at 0.1%. In both, the maternal mortality rate is 8% to 36% of these cases and is manifested mainly in a death due to intracranial hemorrhage.


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