Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges or membranes that cover the central nervous system, that is to say, the brain and the spinal cord; they are dipped in a liquid (fluid cerebral-spinal) that protects the brain, this inflammation is caused by an infection caused by a virus or bacteria.
Meningitis in children caused by viruses (meningitis, viral) are the most common of childhood (90%), it is often presented in the form of epidemics primarily in late spring and occasionally in autumn, however, these have a better prognosis at the time of being treated. Which are caused by bacteria (as the pneumococcus, or meningococcus b and c ) are less common but more serious.
Meningitis in children manifests with:
- Head pain (in infants this results in crying).
- Do not speak or hard to answer
- The symptoms are very similar to a normal flu, although some hours are compounded and may occur in addition to some spots on the skin.
A child with viral meningitis usually requires rest, plenty of fluids, and painkillers, in case you have very intense pain is admitted to a health centre to provide pain medication intravenous. On the other hand, if the child has bacterial meningitis always be treated with inpatient hospital, observation, and probably in intensive care, at least the first few hours.
In meningitis viral is very unlikely that there are consequences if you give in the small children, however, bacterial meningitis is not treated is deadly, dangerous or able to leave neurological sequelae, for very serious, however, if it is treated properly and on time the consequences are minimal, focusing on conditions to the hearing, and small intellectual disabilities.Read also: 3 activities to have a greater connection with the baby