Men with problems in their reproductive capacity should not worry about it because today's medicine offers many successful treatments for male infertility.
Almost half of the cases of infertility is male responsibility. This high percentage is a low blow to the men in societies are still sexist affected their masculinity. Alterations in the quantity and quality of the sperm, are some of the factors that have an impact on the infertile couple, in addition to various risk agents associated with the disorder.
Expert: Enrique Oyarzún, gyneco-obstetrician at the University Clinic of the Andes.
If after a year of attempting a pregnancy is not achieved, the couple must be examined in order to detect the causes of the infertility. In the case of man there exams very reliable and successful treatments for male infertility.
Infertility affects between 10 and 15% of couples exposed to pregnancy, that is to say, those of childbearing age not using any method of contraception. Of this group the infertility of the man is responsible for 40% of the cases.
Diagnosis and treatments for male infertility
The test to detect the causes of male infertility is the semen analysis is done, which diagnosed with certainty any of the types of alteration of the sperm.
The Gynecologist and Obstetrician Clinic University of the Andes, dr. Enrique Oyarzún, explains: “There are three parameters of sperm quality, which in case of being upset, affect male fertility: the number, mobility and sperm morphology. If the man has an amount less than the minimum -20 million per milliliter or 40 million in the total of the semen sample -, the alteration is called Oligospermia; when less than half of the sperm moving in a progressive way, speaking of Astenospermia and if the alteration is present in the morphology of the spermatozoon, it is called Teratospermia”.Also read: Treatments of fertility: to Get pregnant so assisted
There are also other tests such as a functional test, to detect other factors of infertility for men who are undercover. The most classic is the Test Hemizona, which measures the ability of sperm to bind to the wall of the oocyte. In cases in which the sperm cannot penetrate the oocyte, we resort to the technique of ICSI, Intracytoplasmic Injection of Sperm. This is a form of assisted reproduction of high complexity, similar to In Vitro fertilization, but more sophisticated. This technique involves injecting a single sperm inside each egg, with the help of a needle of glass, microscopic in order to facilitate fertilization.
Another factor may be an alteration of the sperm product of a dysfunction of hormone, such as generating a low amount of FSH, the hormone released by the anterior pituitary gland responsible for stimulating the production of sperm.
An effective solution to achieve fertilization in certain cases of alteration of the sperm, intrauterine insemination, dr. Enrique Oyarzún, explains: “Consists in the implantation of sperm chosen within the uterine cavity through a catheter”.
The risk factors that may influence male infertility include: smoking more than seven cigarettes daily, consuming alcohol and drugs in excess, the use of stimulants of muscle mass and the increase of temperature scrotal constant. The first thing you should do for a patient with altered sperm, is to change your habits that relate to these risks.
Other factors of infertility the man are the cases of varicoceles and infections. The varicocele forms when the valves of the veins along the spermatic cord prevent blood from flowing normally. With this, the blood stagnates and produces a swelling and dilatation of the veins. The cases of varicoceles are referred to the urologist and infections are treated with drug therapy antibiotic.Also read: Know about the infertility and combátela