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Cuidados post parto

In this article you will find:

  • Classification of the puerperium
  • Care post-delivery
  • The heart rate after birth
  • Appetite after delivery
  • Is it normal to feel chills after birth?

The puerperium or quarantine is the period immediately following the birth, and that it extends the time required (usually six or eight weeks) for the maternal body — including hormones and the female reproductive system — back to the conditions pre-pregnancy, slowing down the characteristics acquired during pregnancy.

In this stage also includes the period of the first two hours after delivery, called postpartum.

Classification of the puerperium

  • Immediate postpartum period: the First 24 hours.
  • Puerperium mediate: From the second day until the seventh day.
  • Puerperium late: the seven days up to 40 days.

If the phenomena happen naturally and without alteration, the delivery will be normal or physiological, otherwise it will be irregular, or pathological. It is a period of very important time, because it is when they appear for the factors that are leading causes of maternal mortality, such as postpartum hemorrhaging, among others. For this reason, it is customary during the postpartum period to have controlled the vital parameters and blood loss maternal.

Care post-delivery

The main focus of care during the postpartum period is to ensure that the mother is healthy and is able to take care of her newborn, equipped with the information that you need for breastfeeding, reproductive health, family planning, and the settings related to your life.

The heart rate after birth

The heart rate usually increases during the first hours after birth, but over time returns to its normal state; in other cases it happens that the woman is experiencing bradycardia postpartum, that is to say, when the pulse slows.

Appetite after delivery

The appetite in the beginning is low, while increasing the sensation of thirst. After, the appetite returns to its normal state, the slower the return of bowel activity to normal levels.

Read also: Anahí shows his abdomen shortly after having given birth

In the first days of puerperium, the kidneys are undergoing a remarkable effort. The bladder, which had been compressed a long time and has experienced a decrease in the tone of your muscles, you will increase your capacity, but your drain will be difficult. The stagnation of urine in the bladder facilitates the installation of germs, which cause inflammation in the bladder (3 per cent of the cases).

Is it normal to feel chills after birth?

After childbirth can be a period of chills, which can be intense and last several minutes, or fleeting and appear right away. The temperature of the woman during the first day can be increased (the axillary reaches the 38°C). If the temperature exceeds 38°C or last more than 24 hours, you have to start to consider possible pathological complications.

The period of resumption of ovulation and, consequently, of menstruation, varies greatly:

  • In women who do not breastfeed, after about 40 days (75% of cases)
  • In the breastfeeding woman, you experience a delay (lactation amenorrhea) variable (25 per cent of the cases), that may last throughout the feeding; rarely it can also last beyond the weaning, because of a hiperinvolución of the uterus.

The vagina takes over the normal conditions in about ten days. The folds of the mucosa decreases and the vaginal walls are more smooth.


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