Hysterectomy is a surgical intervention more often than we think, and happens when the uterus is removed women by factors such as: fibroids, bleeding, ailments that derive from abnormal growth of the uterus.
Fibroids are benign tumors that are housed in the walls of the uterus and grow in exceeding the uterine muscle, which generates nodules fibroid (fibroids) that sometimes turn out to be of great size.
Why you should perform a hysterectomy, gynecological
1. Endometriosis: it turns out that sometimes the cells of the endometrium grow outside the uterus and adhere to other organs of the pelvic cavity, which causes you to bleed on a monthly basis when the ovarian cycles.
- Pain when having sex.
- Discomfort chronic the pelvis.
- Heavy bleeding and prolonged.
2. Fibroid tumors: are not malignant but they are able to reach large size, this generates pressure on other organs.
- Of pelvic pain.
- Bleeding abundant.
3. Endometrial hyperplasia: it is the thickening of the lining of the uterus. The main cause is due to the elevated levels of estrogen.
- Abnormal bleeding.
- Discomfort and abdominal pain.
4. Cancer: dating back to the statistics that approximately 10% of hysterectomies are performed on women who suffer cervical cancer, ovarian or endometrial.
Read also: Tumors of the endometrium and menstrual flow abundant
Other causes for which you must perform a hysterectomy are:
- Blockage of the bladder or the intestines.
- Complications during or after childbirth.
- Prolapse of the uterus.
- Molar pregnancy.
- Abortion is evil done, outside of medical indications and health centers.
Types of Hysterectomy
- Total: In this intervention is carried out the total removal of the uterus, including the fundus, and the neck úterino (excluding the ovaries).
- With bilateral oophorectomy: In it is removed, an ovary, or both, and in some cases the fallopian tubes and the uterus.
- Supracervical (hysterectomy, partial or subtotal): Removal of the uterus, with preservation of the cervix.
- Radical:it Is done in certain types of cancer, this surgery removes the uterus, cervix, a large part of the tissue that surrounds the cervix in the pelvic cavity, top portion of the vagina and sometimes is extracted from the lymph nodes of the pelvis.
Consequences of hysterectomy
- The removal of the uterus generates the inability to gestate.
- The disappearance of the menses as the primary organ that causes it, is not.
- When conserving a woman's ovaries, even during the premenopausal will make that there are no hormonal disorders or metabolic.
- The sexual desire post-surgery is not altered.