Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR involves a combination of rescue breathing and chest compression. This procedure keeps the oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs, while it reaches the appropriate medical treatment that restores the normal rhythm of the heart.
Techniques of CPR in 5 steps:
- Place to the person so that you can check the signs of breathing by putting the victim in an upright position, on a firm surface.
- Opens the airway of the person; place the palm of your hand on the forehead of the subject and gently pushed down. Then, with your other hand, lift gently on the chin to open the airway.
- Takes 10 seconds (not more) to determine if the person is breathing in a normal way, listening simultaneously to the breath sounds, feeling the air movement on your cheek, and listening to and observing the movement of the chest.
- If the victim is not breathing, press with your fingers the nose of the person, and make a seal around the mouth. Give 2 deep breaths, slow. Each one should take about a second. If the victim's chest does not rise after the first rescue breathing, probably the airway is blocked. Tries to reopen the airway by tilting the head and lifting the chin, then breathed again into the mouth of the victim.
- Begins chest compressions. The heel of one hand should be placed in the middle part of the chest of the person, in the middle of the breastbone between the nipples. Place the heel of your other hand on the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and your shoulders positioned directly above your hands. Push down on the chest 3 to 5 inches. Gives 30 compressions, tilt the head back and lift the chin to open the airway. Press the nose and give 2 breaths (approximately 1 second for each breath). Re-review the signs of normal breathing every 2 minutes. Continue CPR until there are signs of breathing or until medical personnel emergency.