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In this article you will find:

  • What is a choking and suffocation
  • Types of choking
  • What to do in these cases?
  • Heimlich maneuver
  • Steps

When you block the air passage in the throat or in the trachea, occurs suffocation. It requires urgent treatment to prevent loss of consciousness or death. Maritza Haydn, nurse, gives us more information.

What is a choking and suffocation

According to the nurse Haydn, is called “choking” to the obstruction caused by a body or a foreign object that blocks the throat or trachea, preventing the entrance of air to the lungs. This can be caused by any object (a piece of meat, a small toy, etc), and the obstruction is classified depending on whether it is mild or severe.

Types of choking

  • Obstruction mild: the person coughs intensely, difficulty speaking and breathing has a noise similar to a hiss.
  • Severe obstruction: the person takes the neck with both hands (universal sign of choking), cough, very weak or unable to cough, unable to speak, can have a bluish-red from the neck up.

What to do in these cases?

  • If it is a obstruction is mild, do not leave you alone to the victim, it encourages the person to cough forcefully, evaluates if the cough is effective, and if you remove the foreign body.
  • In the case of a severe obstruction, if the person is conscious, perform the Heimlich Maneuver. If the person is unconscious, ask for help and start Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR).

Heimlich maneuver

The Heimlich maneuver consists of applying a strong pressure to the height of the diaphragm (mouth of the stomach) to produce an increase in pressure within the chest, simulating a cough artificial. This maneuver can be used in over 1 year of age onwards, it is important to note that the maneuver should be done just above the navel and not in another place because the pressures are so sharp they can damage organs.

Read also: Bite of pet What to do?

Steps

1. Set up behind the victim.

2. Place your arms under the arms of the person and embrace it, bringing your hands to the height of the navel.

3. Recline the victim with forward and make sure that the head is down.

4. Put one hand in fist 4 fingers above the navel, just in the midline of the abdomen.

5. Place the other open hand on the hand in fist.

6. Now squeeze strong inward and upward, so as to produce a kind of cough artificial.

7. Repeat the maneuver until you remove the foreign body, or until the victim loses consciousness.

In children under the age of 1 year, follow the following steps:

1. Sit down, placing the child face down over your legs and support your head with one hand, make sure that the head remains slightly below that leg.

2. Give 5 firm strokes between the shoulder blades with the palm of the other hand.

3. Rotate it, placing it face up, hold your head with one hand, place your index and middle fingers in the center of the chest and compresses strong 5 times.

5. Repeat the maneuver until you remove the foreign body, or until the child loses consciousness.


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