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In this article you will find:

  • Common symptoms
  • Causes
  • Contagion

This disease consists in an inflammation of the brain. It is very rare, in fact only 0.5 out of every 100,000 people suffer from it, usually children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems (AIDS or cancer).

Each year, the centers for disease control and prevention, EE.STATES (CDC, for its acronym in English) receive thousands of notifications on cases of viral encephalitis or aseptic, although experts suspect that there are many more cases not reported by the lightness of the symptoms.

Common symptoms

Among cases of encephalitis milder include the following:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Lack of appetite
  • Loss of energy
  • General malaise

In cases of encephalitis is more severe, there will be high fever and any of the following symptoms related to the central nervous system:

  • Strong headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Stiffness of neck, or nape of the neck
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Personality changes
  • Seizures
  • Problems with speaking or listening
  • Hallucinations
  • Loss of memory
  • Drowsiness
  • Eat

Causes

Milder forms of encephalitis can be linked to the management of common childhood illnesses, like the measles, the mumps, the plague of crystal, rubella and mononucleosis. The virus as the chickenpox is spread through the fluids secreted by the nose and throat, either by coughing or sneezing.

Rarely, encephalitis can be caused by a bacterial infection, such as meningitis, bacterial, or it can be the complication of other infectious diseases like syphilis. Some parasites, such as those that transmit toxoplasmosis, can cause encephalitis in people with a weak immune system.

Contagion

The encephalitis is not contagious, but the virus that is transmitted yes they are. Keep in mind that a child has a particular virus, it does not mean that you can develop an encephalitis. But, anyway, as a precaution, children should avoid contact with anyone who has encephalitis.

Read also: Specialist advice on how to take care of the children of the changes of temperature

Prevention

Very important are the vaccines against these diseases in the opportune moments. You must make sure that your child is up-to-date with the vaccinations systematic recommended by the pediatrician.

In areas where encephalitis can be transmitted by insects, especially mosquitoes, children should:

  • Avoid being outdoors at dusk and dawn, when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Use long-sleeved clothing and pants.
  • Use repellents against insects.

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