During pregnancy, there may appear certain complications and is for that reason that in this period special care must be taken in the dental portion, especially due to gingivitis and other discomforts that may appear. To clarify the doubts on the subject, the dentist Miguel Peña of Las Condes Clinic, provides information.
In pregnancy it is more likely that the teeth and gums are very sensitive, therefore, it is essential to worry about correct hygiene and in addition, consult with a specialist.
Gingivitis during pregnancy
It is very common during pregnancy avoid what is called gingivitis during pregnancy, it involves an irritation of the gums, the product of the bacterial plaque. This situation occurs due to the hormonal changes during this period, that cause swollen gums and lead to bleeding.
Signs of gingivitis during pregnancy
- Reddish Color in the gums.
- Increase of volume.
- Sensitivity dental.
- Bleed with ease.
If gingivitis is not properly cared or treated, it can develop periodontitis and in this case, the gum disease worsens and it reaches the bone. If the situation becomes very advanced, you can conclude in tooth loss.
Scientific studies demonstrate that pregnant women with periodontitis, or gums diseased, are more likely to have premature babies or of low weight.
Tumors or granulomas piogénicos
Are nodules that form on the gums and are not cancerous. They are red, bleed easily and then form a scab. Develop during the second trimester of pregnancy and consist of reactions to the blood vessels, i.e., vessels that form small lumps in the gums.Read also: Feeding of children and pregnant women in Fiestas Patrias
- Brushing: should Be done at least twice a day and flossing, checking the gum line where you can build up as plaque. It is fundamental to perform a good brushing, for this, the brush should be soft. In regards to pasta, it is best to use one with a higher amount of fluoride.
- Visit continually to the dentist: at The moment you know that you are pregnant it is good to consult with your dentist, in order to assess the state of the mucosa. Regardless of the stage of pregnancy you are in, it is always essential to be controlled throughout the process.
- A good diet: a healthy and balanced diet, which includes vitamins A, C, and D, in addition to incorporating minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, helps the formation of bones and teeth of the baby.
- Avoid sugar: Reduce your consumption of sweet foods, as these make the dental plaque is more aggressive and produce acids that attack the enamel, causing tooth decay.