The internal bleeding, especially in the abdomen, head or thorax, is a complicated problem and can put in danger the life of people, especially if it is a child or a pregnant woman. The blood loss can be considerable, even if not manifest external bleeding.

  • The internal bleeding can cause shock.
  • The blood volume in the body is altered and the person may feel weak, thirsty, and being anxious.
  • The skin may feel cold.
  • Breathing shallow and slow, rapid, weak pulse, tremor, and restlessness.
  • There may also be fainting and loss of consciousness when standing or sitting, recovering at bedtime.

If you suspect internal bleeding, call for help immediately, keep the person lying down and comfortable, aflójale the clothes, but do not give him anything to eat or drink.

What to do in case of a hemorrhage?

To stop bleeding caused by an injury, follow these steps:

  1. Lie to the person. If you can, the head should be slightly below the trunk, or the legs should be raised. This position reduces the chances of fainting by increasing the blood flow to the brain.
  2. Remove any obvious debris or dirt from the wound. Do not remove any object that is piercing the body of the victim. Do not put anything in the wound or attempt to clean it.
  3. Apply pressure directly on the wound. With a sterile dressing, a clean canvas or even a piece of cloth. If you have nothing available, use your hand.
  4. Keep the pressure until the bleeding stops. If you stop, fixed the wound dressing tightly with adhesive fabric or a bandage. If you don't have, use a piece of clean cloth.
  5. If the bleeding continues and passes through the gauze or other material with which you are pressing on the wound, do not remove it. Add absorbent material on top.
  6. If the bleeding does not stop with direct pressure. You may need to apply pressure to the major artery that carries blood to the wound area.
  7. Immobilizes the injured part of the body once it has stopped the bleeding. Leave the bandages on your site and takes the injured person to the emergency department quickly.

How to detect internal bleeding

In the case of a traumatic injury, such as a car accident or a fall, internal bleeding may not be obvious. Look for the following signs:

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  • Bleeding from the ears, nose, rectum, or vagina, or vomiting or coughing with blood
  • Ecchymosis (bruise) on the neck, chest or abdomen
  • Wounds that have penetrated the scalp, chest, or abdomen
  • Abdominal pain, perhaps accompanied by tightening or spasm of the abdominal muscles
  • Fractures

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