We love to see children enjoy their vacation and they love the pools, however, we must take into account the risks they may run our small in any oversight, to do this, the doctor of the quality manager to Help, Katherin Falck gives us some recommendations on what to do in front of an accident by immersion.
Dr. Falck points out that children drown in silence:“due to the submersion, initial a small aspiration of water into the lungs, which generates a protective reflex that closes the airway (laryngospasm). If the period of submersion is prolonged there is a large decrease in the oxygen in the organs (hypoxia), especially in the brain. Following the same hypoxia, finally the laryngospasm protector relents and occurs entrance of water to the lungs”.
Do you teach swimming?
The specialist explains that the smaller ones usually only have the motor skills to learn to swim from 4 years onwards, so any course of swimming before that age should be more well-acquainted with the aquatic environment. “Even if your child knows how to swim, you should not be alone in a swimming pool. The suffocation by immersion also occur in children who know how to swim, mainly due to accidents that involve loss of consciousness within the water”, indicates Dr. Falck.
What to do in front of an accident by immersion
The specialist Help explains that a case of suffocation by immersion, what is more important is the immediate administration of CPR. The steps to follow are the following:
- Remove the person from the water.
- If you do not respond to stimulus, not breathing, or does so with difficulty, start as soon as possible cardiopulmonary resuscitation basic. While it asks for help by calling a rescue service provider.
- Place the patient on a hard surface like the floor.
- Start chest compressions energetic and fast in the center of the chest, with a frequency of at least 100 per minute.
- Only if you feel qualified or have the knowledge to try to clear the airway by using a maneuver of a tilt head and lift chin, then give 2 ventilations mouth-to-mouth in adults and mouth-to-mouth nose in small children.
- If you are going to manage vents must follow a sequence that always starts by 30 chest compressions, then 2 ventilations to quickly re-perform 30 compressions followed by 2 ventilations and so on, until the patient regains consciousness or get qualified personnel to relevarnos.
- If you do not know or have qualms with performing rescue breathing, focus only on doing the chest compressions. This alone is already of great help for the patient, remember that you must be at least 100 per minute and strong.
- It is very important to never leave your child alone or to make manoeuvres to pull water from the lungs since they were only delaying the resuscitation.