The attachment involves not only behaviors, as also the child is going by setting up an operant model of his mother and of the ways in which she communicates and behaves with him, and a comparable model of his father, along with the models, complementary of himself in interaction with each, as well established as cognitive structures influential.
What is the attachment?
Attachment is defined as a bond of affection that provides safety and protection, is activated in situations of danger, stress or novelty and has a biological basis with components social, emotional, cognitive, and conductibles. Its components are:
- attachment behaviors
- mental representation
A secure attachment is with a mom present to your child's needs and willing to provide protection, without delay, against the emotions displacenteras. It builds from when the baby is engendered, not since the baby is born, because it will not be the same if the child is wanted or not. That is why it is said that it is important to touch the tummy of the mother and speak to the future child, since prior to birth the fetus recognizes the voice.
It is essential to produce a behavior of active pursuits of new things, tolerate frustration in relationships and in the learning and cognitive flexibility. It is as well as the small that you have received a secure attachment seeks contact with the others, has an active exploration of their environment and it is easy to be comforted.
It is a link and a theory about protection from danger both internal and external that is associated with the repression of mental. In the background is a strategy of self-protective that is developed in relationship to a specific figure. In summary, we can say that it is a pattern of information processing.See also: Disorders and complications of breastfeeding
Contexts that determine the attachment
- Social: political, social and economic.
- Family: Separation, parental neglect and abuse.
- Individual: Genetic, epigenetic, and early childhood environment.
- Contributions of the child: Self-regulation, activity level, sociability, development, physical attributes.
- Sensitivity of the caregiver: mental Health and well-being, mental representations of internal, quality of interaction, responsiveness, tone
emotional, spontaneity and joy.
- Contributions of the context: family Functioning, social support, stressful life events and socio-economic resources.
- Contributions transgenerational: Representation of the parental experience of past and caregiver modeling of caregivers.
- Defensive or aversive
- Eating disorders
- Drug abuse
- Conduct disorders
- Disorders somatization
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Personality disorder schizoid and paranoid
- Disorders anxious
- Depressive disorders
- Dependent personality disorder, histrionic and borderline