It has been determined for years that the physical and psychological abuse is not the right way to educate our children, even more so when it was found that the abuse of family or household reflects changes in the brain of the children, so much so, that can be likened to the change in the brain that suffer the soldiers who have been exposed to battles or wars.

Child abuse changes the brain of the child

To corroborate the veracity of this theory, researchers from the University of London conducted brain scans of children who had been exposed to abuse or violence in their homes, which resulted in “increased activity in two areas of the brain associated with threat detection and anxiety disorders”.

What causes relevance of the study is that these are the same results or effects that show the brains of those soldiers who have experienced violence in fighting a war, say researchers from the University of London for the journal Current Biology.

Child abuse

It is called child abuse or neglect all those actions (physical, sexual, or emotional) that is given to a child by non-accidental. Generally these behaviors come from their parents, guardians, or persons close to the children and cause them physical alterations and psychological, affecting; in most cases, the development of its functions.

the World Health Organization (WHO) defines child maltreatment as “abuse and desatenciones that receive the under the age of 18 years, including physical, psychological or sexual harm their health, development or dignity or that put in risk their survival”.

Types of abuse

  • Physical abuse.
  • Sexual abuse.
  • Emotional abuse.
  • Verbal abuse.
  • Physical neglect.
  • Emotional neglect.

Symptoms of child abuse

  • The child has a sudden change in your behavior.
  • Low school performance.
  • Remains on the defensive.
  • Bad behavior, bad mood, stress, irritability.
  • Not wanting to be at home.
  • Feel fear or anxiety when approaching a adult.

Taking into account the numbers of children who are subjected to abuse at the global level, the scientists of the University of London, took the initiative to conduct this first investigation with images of fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging), with the intention of effectively to determine the impact that physical abuse and domestic violence has on children.

Read also: The importance of learning English in early childhood

Long-term consequences of maltreatment in children

  • Disorders of early brain development.
  • Alter the development of the nervous and immune systems.
  • Maltreatment can contribute to heart disease, cancer, suicide and sexually transmitted infections.
  • Behavioral problems, physical and mental, such as depression, obesity.

“Until now, we are beginning to understand how child abuse influences the functions of the systems emotional brain. This research is important because it provides us with the first clues as to how regions in the child's brain adapt to early experiences of abuse in the home,” expressed the doctor Eamon McCrory, who led the study.

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