The good routine of food in children coupled with the habit of sleep, are two vital factors for prevention of obesity in children, same diagnosis that has been growing significantly in the last decades, all over the world.
Specialists have indicated that the rate of children with obesity corresponds to the 10 and 17 percent of the world's population, and to this is added the respiratory complications that arise in the small building on the overweight.
“Improving nutritional status, preventing obesity, and stressing the importance of weight loss would improve asthma control and risk of exacerbations in children and reduce the incidence of asthma in adults”. Indicates the team of Kenneth B. Quinto from the University of California in San Diego.
Studies have shown the effect of temporality between states obesogenic and the development of asthma, doctors also describe it as a process of “dose-response”, establishing a direct relationship between the degree of obesity and the severity of asthmatic crises in children.
Mechanisms involved in the genesis of asthma in the pediatric patient is obese
- The decrease in the volume expiratory reserve.
- The volume of body mass which as a result generates the closing early of the small airways existing in the lung.
- Reduction of the adaptation capacity or elasticity of the lungs.
- Lack of pulmonary ventilation
- Asthma and obesity are also related to the endocrine system.
- When the gut bacteria that influence in the metabolic control are altered, causing the malfunction of the appetite, so that increases the anxiety, and the urge to eat.
- The extra weight in children directly affects their lungs and would need more medication.
Why are they struggling to breathe?
The child who is overweight is even more difficult to breathe, this is because the abdominal fat obstructs the flow of oxygen into the airways. Also, explains María Franco, neumóloga pediatrician of the Nicklaus Children's Hospital than those babies that are diagnosed with obesity, “have more reflux from the stomach into the esophagus and this alters the respiratory activity”.
What to do?
- Children should maintain a balanced diet, taking into account the age and height.
- Sleeping the correct times during the day and the night.
- Engaging in some extracurricular activity (if desired).
- Avoid a sedentary lifestyle and excess food.
- Now, when the child already is overweight and in addition are supplied with asthmatic crisis, the ideal is to go with the specialist, this is because the correct treatment will cause him to achieve mold their eating habits and to have a normal childhood.
- The help and family support are of the utmost importance.
Obesity in children increases the risk of suffering preventable diseases such as: diabetes, cancer, and asthma.Read also: Obesity reaches alarming levels, warns WHO