The specific language impairment (TEL), affects a certain amount of children all over the world, and causes them to isolation or self-esteem issues, in addition to the difficulties of language acquisition.
This is a disorder is severe and can extend from childhood and adolescence to leaving sequelae in adulthood. In addition, it is one of the most common manifestations in-office pediatric. For this reason, find it early and correct the problems of language in the child, will help you to:
- To have greater performance when communicating with their outside world.
- To improve the ability of automodulación of behaviors.
- Organization of thought.
“Early detection is basic to be able to start the treatment as soon as possible and to minimize the risks throughout the life of the child”, explained to Europa Press, Fernández-Zúñiga; a clinical child psychologist and an expert in the language, Alicia Fernández-Zúñiga,who explains that “can be detected from a very early age, that is to say, from the 2 or 2 and a half years is observed in the child with a significant delay of the language“.
Types of disorders of language in children
- Disorders of articulation.
- Disorders with speech fluency.
- Resonance or voice disorders.
- Dysphagia, oral/feeding disorders.
- Language disorders receptive or expressive.
Causes of language disorder in children
The etiology of the disorder still is not all that precise, clinically, there is a real cause that you identify these gaps, “even though there is enough agreement on scientific in attributing the origin factors neurobiological”, says the expert, who specific that “these deficits in language do not correspond with their intellectual abilities or cognitive, that are already within the normal range; nor with your hearing and neurological aspects, although their oral language is clearly delayed with respect to its age”.
Types of therapy-speech and language
- Intervention activities language.
- Articulation therapy.
- Therapy and oral motor feeding.
The difficulty to delineate this disorder prevents exist exact data about its prevalence, however, it is estimated that it affects between 3 and 7 percent of children. Furthermore, it is likely that the process of overcoming a disorder of language take more time than we intend to. For this reason, each member of the family should be patient and understand the child.