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In this article you will find:

  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatments
  • How to avoid typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is an acute infectious disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Salmonella.

In the majority of cases, infection occurs by consuming contaminated food or drinks, such as fruit and vegetables that grow close to the ground and is bathed daily with water contaminated.

Symptoms

  • Intense headache.
  • General discomfort.
  • Decay.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • Nasal bleeding.
  • Intense fatigue.
  • Sluggishness, lethargy, feeling of weakness.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of this disease is carried out usually, in the labs of the site where you are, and is done through cultures of blood cultures, and stool culture.

Samples should be taken before the start of any treatment. Once you have isolated the strain of Salmonella, should be sent to the Institute of Public Health, where he is made the confirmation through biochemical tests, serological and molecular studies.

Treatments

  • You can give fluids and electrolyte intravenously.
  • Some experts recommend drinking water with packets of electrolyte.
  • In some cases antibiotics are given to destroy the bacteria.

How to avoid typhoid fever?

  • Have a good sanitary control in handling food.
  • Wash hands before eating.
  • The vegetables should be eaten cooked, and the fish and shellfish should not be eaten raw, but boiled for at least ten minutes before consumption.
  • It is essential to eat always at home. Because there we will have the self-control of the washing of the food.
  • When you buy vegetables, do it in a place where the food are optimal.
  • Do not buy vegetables or vegetables in poor condition.
  • The treatment of water, waste disposal, and the protection of the food supply from contamination are important public health measures.
  • When traveling, drink only boiled or bottled water and eat well-cooked food.
  • Carry it in your purse an antibacterial, and rub it in from time to time in their hands.
Also read: The diseases that you can suffer a premature baby

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