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Out of the affected area and avoid being exposed to the pollution, are some palliative measures that can be applied, in this respect, Dr. Carlos Rodriguez, urgenciólogo of the Clinic Avansalud provides us with important data on its prevention.

Foci of contamination

In many cities of the world, the critical episodes of pollution are becoming more repetitive, and while it affects all of us, those who suffer most are the children, the elderly and the chronically ill.

“This is the group that may suffer problems more frequently and of greater severity when exposed to these events in greater environmental pollution”, explains the urgenciólogo, Carlos Rodriguez.

In periods such as these, many families choose to leave their homes and go to places more springs, for his part, Dr. Rodriguez points out that out of the ten most polluted cities in these critical periods can be beneficial in the group of patients with chronic pathology.

“Always be for prolonged periods (more than a day), as well as minimizing the exposure to changes of temperature frequent that involves leaving your home, travel, and live in a new place”.

What do you do when you can't change city?

The environmental pollution has different levels in terms of the intensity with which it presents between the different communes depending on the local geography and particular environmental conditions, so that it is not necessary to stay inside the house.

“There are No significant differences within or outside of the home. Yes it is a higher exposure to contaminants if we perform physical activity, or we move to an area or commune with greater pollution with respect to the community that we inhabit,” says the urgenciólogo.

Signs that indicate the presence of diseases caused by the contamination of

In the presence of a respiratory disease, must be vigilant to the following signs, both in children as in adults, which will allow us to be alert and to know if we have to resort to an emergency service or not:

  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath).
  • Polipnea (rapid breathing).
  • Cyanosis (bluish discoloration of lips, hands, or nose).
  • Agitation and in greater degree, the commitment of consciousness.
  • In young children (infants) you can also see denial of food and retraction sack.

Dr. Rodriguez asserts that whenever the pollution will be a risk factor for developing respiratory diseases, both for carriers of chronic pathologies as well as for those who do not, and will be increased when presented with complicated situations with the pollution.

“It's a factor that we cannot handle so that you should optimize measures to avoid acquiring infectious diseases of respiratory, such as washing hands frequently, avoid crowded, closed places ventilate rooms at least once a day, use of mask, avoid heating with paraffin intradomicialiaria, etc”.

Read also: Diseases caused by allergy

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