When you have already confirmed your pregnancy and you go to the gynecologist, it is likely that requests to have a sonogram or ultrasound, however, many mothers, especially new mothers have many doubts about this study: what is it? what puts you at risk to the baby? will it hurt? To put an end to the questions and doubts about it, we'll give you important information in this article.
What is an ultrasound?
It is a study through waves sonaras high frequency and a special team, produces images of the organs and structure within the body, this uses a device called a transducer that is in charge of sending waves sonaras within the body and when found in an organ or tissue, send signals, in this way it is possible to determine the distance between the objects.
That is to say, ultrasound, ultrasounds, ultrasound or ecosonografía, is an exploratory technique of the internal organs of the body, using electromagnetic waves can register an echo. Also, this procedure is used to create two-dimensional images or three-dimensional.
During pregnancy: When to perform the first ultrasound?
In the first trimester of pregnancy, the specialist will indicate at what point in time performed an ultrasound, with the intention of:
- Verify that the pregnancy evolves correctly.
- Determine how many weeks of pregnancy you have.
- Gestational age.
- To detect or rule out problems, complications, anomalies, and threats of abortion.
- Baby's heart rate.
- You know if you're in the presence of a multiple pregnancy.
- Detect problems in the placenta, uterus, pelvis, or ovaries.
During the second and third trimester ultrasounds performed for:
- To corroborate that the growth and position of baby they are appropriate.
- Determine the sex of the baby.
- Diagnose and treat any problem or condition.
- Observe and evaluate the placenta, amniotic fluid, and pelvis.
What other functionality you have ultrasound during pregnancy?
Specialists and also some moms are requesting the completion of an ultrasound in week 13 or 14 of gestation to look for signs of Down Syndrome in the baby and other problems that relate to the growth and fetal development, these in turn, are required with blood tests to gain greater accuracy in the results.
Myths about ultrasounds or ultrasound in the pregnancy
It is false that:
- It is mandatory that in each prenatal control and the woman have to have an ultrasound.
- All the ultrasound should be administered vaginally.
- The ultrasound is performed between 11 weeks and 14 weeks, and the study of structural, they should only be let to those high-risk women or pregnant women who have more than 35 years.
- A 3D ultrasound is the same as ultrasound structural.
How many ultrasounds are recommended?
The ideal is to do one per month, starting in the first trimester of pregnancy, however, will depend on the discretion of the gynecologist to take birth control, this if there are any abnormalities or problems on ultrasound that require a follow-up throughout pregnancy.